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What is Hydroponics

The name "Hydroponics" was created from a Latin word which means "Working Water." To most of us, it actually means growing plants without soil by supplying all needed nutrients in the plant's water supply.

 

Just as much as plants use their roots to search for nutrients in the soil during traditional gardening, the water you are using to grow in hydroponics requires a nutrient rich water solution. The plants are also placed within a pot with a growing medium, which is essentially a replacement of the soil creating an environment your plants can grow in. Special growing mediums provide your plants with a dark environment and an anchor point to stabilize the plant to ensure proper plant growth. Some examples of growing mediums would include Rockwool (mineral wool), Perlite, gravel, or coconut husk.

 

Depending on the growing medium you use, some are inert, which means they do not have any nutritional value for your plants. This allows the gardener to have complete control over the nutrient levels during the growing process.

 

Advantages of Hydroponics

Hydroponics is being adapted all around the world as an efficient method of food production. The reasons for this include:

  • No soil is required for hydroponics

  • Water used within a hydroponic system can be recycled and reused which allows for water conservation and lower water costs

  • A hydroponic gardener or farmer has complete control of their plants nutrition levels which allows for lower nutrient costs and bigger produce yields

  • A controlled hydroponic system allows the blockage of nutrition pollution that is released into the environment through traditional gardening or farming due to the controlled environment within the system

  • Hydroponics allows for stabilized and higher growth rates and yields

  • The mobility of the container offers the luxury of getting rid of pests and diseases much more easily.